How Does Plumbing Work, In A Residential Home

Within a household plumbing system, freshwater is supplied from the main piping network to specific fixtures and appliances.

ย min. read
August 5, 2023
How Does Plumbing Work, In A Residential Home

Within a household plumbing system, freshwater is supplied from the main piping network to specific fixtures and appliances throughout the house. This water is then properly disposed of by being drained through a series of bigger pipes into either a sewage or septic tank.

Typically, the primary water supply pipe is constructed from materials, such as PVC or copper, bringing in clean water from municipalities or personal wells. Moreover, a shut-off valve is also connected to the main pipe that has the capability of cutting off the entire house's water supply in case of leaks and other emergencies where you might need a plumber.

Starting at the main shut off, the home's plumbing system is designed to distribute water through a network of smaller pipes that branch off to supply water fixtures such as sinks, toilets, showers, and bathtubs. These pipes are strategically placed throughout the house in order to provide all areas with an adequate amount of water flow.

The drain-waste-vent (DWV) system is composed of larger pipes that are used to remove wastewater from a house. This plumbing system carries wastewater from fixtures including sinks, toilets, and showers to the main sewer line or septic tank. The main sewer line carries the wastewater to a treatment facility or septic tank, where it is treated and disposed of.Besides the regular pipes, fittings, valves and fixtures, one can find more features such as hot water systems, sump pumps and back-flow preventers in a residential plumbing system.

In addition to the basic components of a residential plumbing system that I described earlier, there are also several other important parts that are often used, such as:

Hot water systems are devices used to heat water for use in the home. They can be powered by gas or electricity and come in various sizes to suit the needs of different households.

A sump pump is a device installed in a sump pit in the basement or crawl space of a house. Its purpose is to pump water out of the pit and away from the house, thus preventing basement flooding.

Back-flow preventers are devices installed on the main water supply line to prevent water from flowing back into the main supply in case of a pressure drop or failure.

Faucets, valves and shower heads are plumbing components that manage the amount of water flowing in various fixtures. Different types are available with a range of styles & finishes and they can be used to adjust temperature and pressure.

Toilets are essential plumbing fixtures used to discard human excreta. They come with a bowl, lid, seat and tank for the disposal process to take place efficiently.

Garbage disposal is a device that is installed under the sink and is used to grind food waste into small pieces that can be easily washed down the drain.

PEX tubing is becoming a popular choice for many plumbing systems due to its ease of installation & its resistant properties towards corrosion, freezing, and bursting. It is made out of a type of flexible plastic which provides an efficient solution for plumbing needs.

It is important to remember that a properly functioning plumbing system ensures a safe and clean water supply, while preventing sewage and wastewater from backing up into your home or the environment. Regular maintenance and check-ups, such as checking for leaks, can help prevent serious problems and prolong the lifespan of your plumbing system.